Sylhet, the land of two leaves and a bud, blessed with the Mazar of the two great shrines named Hazrat Shahjalal (R.) and Hazrat Shahporan (R.) is the alluvial land of the river Surma and many small hills with tea gardens and natural forest having an immense tourists attractions. To meet up the increasing demand regarding security issues of the inhabitants of Sylhet city and its suburb areas, Sylhet Metropolitan Police (SMP) was formed on 26 August 2006. The total area of SMP is about 518.43 Sq.km including 27 wards of Sylhet City Corporation, 08 Unions of Sylhet Sadar Upazila and 10 Unions of South Surma Upazilla under Sylhet district. SMP starts its office activities from 26 October 2006 at Water Development Board rest house situated in Naiorpul point of Sylhet City. A part of the police barrack of Range Reserve Force (RRF), Sylhet has been transformed as the police lines of SMP. SMP ordinance, the 2nd ordinance of 2006; the Sylhet Metropolitan Police act 2009 published in 06th April 2009 enforced from 15th October 2006 are the legal basis of the unit. According to the act, SMP area is divided into six Police stations as Kotwali Model Thana, Jalalabad Thana, Airport Thana, South Surma Thana, Moglabazar Thana and Shahporan Thana. In terms of area it is the biggest Metropolitan Police unit of Bangladesh.

At the initial stage SMP starts its operation with two former police stations of Sylhet District, because the new Area of Responsibility (AOR) was not approved for the newly established six police stations. The new AOR getting all administrative approval of the government was published on 10th May 2011 and On 11August 2011, SMP starts its full strength operation through the inauguration of redistributed AOR of  06 police stations of which there are four new Police Stations.

In the organizational structure, SMP has 01 Police Commissioner, 02 Additional Police Commissioner, 06 Deputy Police Commissioner, 15 Additional Deputy Police Commissioner, 27 Senior Assistant/ Assistant Police Commissioner and 42 Police Inspectors posts. In its structure SMP has Six Divisions, as:
1. Headquarter Division
2. North Division
3. South Division
4. Traffic Division
5. DB & Prosecution Division
6. Public Order Management Division

Headquarter Division:

This division has following branches headed by an Additional Deputy Police Commissioner, Assistant Police Commissioner or Senior Assistant Police Commissioner:
a) City Special Branch
b) Media and Community Centre
c) Accounts Sections
d) Motor Transport Section
e) Forces Office
f) Reserve Office
g) Training and Sports
h) Welfare
i) Lands and Development
j) Discipline and Conduct

North Crime Division
The following units are operating under this crime division.
a)  Kotwali Model Police Station
b)  Jalalabad Police Station
c  Airport Police Station
I)   Shahjalal (R.) Mazar Investigation Centre
II)  Amberkhana Police Outpost
III)   Sobhanighat Police Outpost
IV)   Bondorbazar Police Outpost
V)   Lamabazar Police Outpost
VI)  Shiberbazar Police Camp
VII)  Osmani Medical Police Box
VIII)   Pathantola Police Box
IX) Patrol Units

South Crime Division

The following units are operating under south division
A)    South Surma Police Station
B)     Moglabazar Police Station
C)    Shahporan (R.) Police Station
I)      South Surma Police Outpost
II)      Kamalbazar Police Investigation Centre
III)     Shahporan (R.) Mazar Investigation Centre
IV)     Tilagor Police Box
V)      Lawai Police Box
VI) Patrol Units

Traffic Division

This division has the following Branches headed by an Additional Deputy Police Commissioner, Assistant Police Commissioner or senior assistant police commissioner.
a)   Traffic North Zone
b)   Traffic South Zone

DB & Prosecution Division

This Division has the three following branches/ Section headed by Additional Deputy Police Commissioner
1. DB North Zone
2. DB South Zone
3. Prosecution

Public Order Management Division

Headed by Deputy Police Commissioner. This Division has two branches
1. Public Order
2. Protection and Protocol